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A phoneme is a speech sound. It is the smallest unit of language. Segmentation is the separation of words into phonemes. If you were asked to give the phonemes or sounds you hear in the word sat, you would give the phonemic sounds /s/ /a/ /t/. Students should be able to give the sounds they hear in words quickly and automatically.


  • Practicing Phonemic Segmentation is one activity you can work on with your child in the car or while waiting in line at the store.
  • Give your child a short word, such as DOG, to begin with. Guide them to say each sound (phoneme) they hear…/d/ /o/ /g/. 
  • Students can clap along as they say the sounds or they can tap them with their fingers.
  • Some children can ‘hear’ the sounds better if they pretend to stretch a rubber band as they say the phonemes in a word and 'snap' the sounds back together as they say the word more quickly.
  •  You can use interlocking blocks or Legos as a visual demonstration of segmentation.

Here are some examples of words you can give your child to segment. Make sure they say each individual sound.

TOP                   /t/ /o/ /p/

LIP                     /l/ /i/ /p/

FINE              /f/ /I/ /n/

NO                /n/ /O/

SHE               /sh/ /E/

GREW            /g/ /r/ /oo/

THAT             /th/ /a/ /t/

LAY                /l/ /A/

JUMP            /j/ /u/ /m/ /p/

JOB               /j/ /o/ /b/

BY                 /b/ /I/

DO                /d/ /oo/

This information is from the website.

Wingdale Elementary School   6413 Route 55   Wingdale, NY 12594   Phone: (845) 877-5720   Fax: (845) 877-5729

The Dover Union Free School District does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age in its programs and activities.  
The following people have been designated to handle inquiries regarding the non-discrimination policies:

Donna Basting, Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum, Staff Development, and Technology
2368 Route 22, Dover Plains, NY  12522
845-877-5700 x1233 

Genie Angelis, High School Principal
2368 Route 22, Dover Plains, NY  12522
845-877-5700 x1143

For further information on notice of non-discrimination, visit for the address and phone number of the office that serves your area, or call 1-800-421-3481.

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