ORAL READING FLUENCY (ORF) (Tested in First Grade) is a standardized, individually administered test of accuracy and fluency with connected text. ORF is a standardized set of passages and administration procedures designed to
1. Identify children who many need additional instructional support,
2. Monitor progress toward instructional goals.
The passages are calibrated for the goal level of reading for each grade level. Student performance is measured by having students read a passage aloud for one minute. Words omitted, substituted, and hesitations of more than three seconds are scored as errors. Words self-corrected within three seconds are scored as accurate. The number of correct words per minute from the passage is the oral reading fluency score. DIBELS Next ORF includes both benchmark passages to be used as screening assessments across the school year as well as 20 alternate forms for monitoring progress.
Errors are calculated to help detect possible phonics related concerns. This score measure the accuracy with which students read and is calculated through our DIBELS online management service.
There is a comprehension component for the ORF measure. The retell portion of the assessment provides an efficient procedure to identify those students who are not able to talk about what they have just read. The quality of a student’s retell provides valuable information about overall reading proficiency and oral language skills. This portion is also limited to one minute per story.
WHAT PARENTS CAN DO AT HOME
- Support and encourage your child. Realize that reading likely frustrates him or her.
- Check with your child’s teacher to find out their assessment of your child’s word decoding skills.
- If your child can decode words well, help him or her build speed and accuracy by:
- Reading aloud and having your child match his voice to yours.
- Have your child practice reading the same list of words, phrases, or short passages several times. (These are called repeated readings and we do them at school!)
- Remind your child to pause between sentences and phrases. Look for and adjust their reading for commas, periods, colons, semi-colons and question marks.
- Read aloud to your child to provide an example of how fluent reading sounds.
- Give your child books with predictable vocabulary and clear rhythmic patterns so your he/ she can “hear” the sound of fluency reading as he/she reads the book aloud.
- Use books on tapes, have the child follow along in the print copy.
This information is from the DIBELS.org website.